The folding partition is a partition that can be unfolded and folded, comprised by the track, roller and the partition panel. Based on the different materials used, it can be classified into the hard type and the soft type. The former is constituent by wood or metal partition panels and the adjacent panels are linked by hinges. The latter is fabricated with cotton and linen fabric, or the rubber and the plastic.
Additionally, the panels of hard type come with wood frame or other frames, and can be finished with a layer of fiber board or other light boards on both surfaces. Besides, in the core of the panels, there is a sound insulation board. The surface finish of soft type can be canvas or artificial leather, inside which there is a lining. Generally, the soft type is provided with a frame made of wood post or metal rod and the surface finish is fixed to the post or the rod, and between the post and rod, there is a retractable bracket.
According to the differences of roller and track systems, the folding partition also can be divided into three types, namely the suspension oriented type, support oriented type and the two-dimensional movable type.
Suspension Oriented Type
This mounting form needs a roller installed on the top of the partition panels and linked with the top suspended track and in this way, the top support part is formed. Meanwhile, there should be a track on the floor to guide rollers and prevent the panels from tilt when received horizontal side thrust.
What should be noted is the roller which as the top support part perpendicular to the panels must be properly installed so that the partition can freely be turned and moved. Moreover, whether there is a need to install a track on the floor or not depends on the installation site of the top roller. When the top roller is installed at the end of panel, the central bearing parts of panels are not in one straight line, and at this moment, the track on the floor along with the roller and the guide rod at the panel bottom must be installed to maintain the proper movement of partition panels. Oppositely, when the top roller is installed in the middle site of top panels, the track on the floor will not be needed.
Based on the above-mentioned principles, the partitioning structure is simplified and the space seems to be more neat and artistic. Certainly, for the situation when the track on the floor is unneeded, proper measures should be taken to cope with the gap between the panels and the floor. One measure is equipping rubber sealing brushes on both bottom sides of panels, and the other is that the bottom of panels can be processed in groove shape and the partitioned sealing elements should be installed inside the groove.
Support Oriented Type
This fixing means is almost similar to the above-mentioned. The difference is the roller in this structure is installed on the bottom of the panel and forms the bottom bearing part together with the track on the floor. It supports the panels and ensures random movement and turn of partition.
On the top of panels, the guide rod is installed in purpose of preventing the panels from shaking and ensuring the stability of panels when received side thrust. Apparently, compared with the above mounting form, this method exchanges the position of roller and guide rod. While, since saving the suspension system and makes structure simpler, it has wide application range.
Two-dimensional Movable Type
The advantage of this type is that it can not only divide the space at specific site through linear motion just like the ordinary movable partition, but also can change the partitioning position as required to make the partitioning more flexible. In other words, it possesses the features as good stability, high decoration capacity and high restrictions and on the other hand, it comes with the advantages of screen, such as mobility, flexibility, etc.
Therefore, this method is widely adopted in the division of large-sized space and especially in the large space requiring frequent interior space changes. Thanks to this partition, the space can be flexibly organized and divided according to the requirements of different activities that held at different time.
From the respect of structure, this method is nothing more than repeatedly applying the above-mentioned method. Specifically, it adopts the secondary roller instead of the partition panel and then imitates the structure of the track in the above-mentioned partition.